By Aníbal González
Modernismo, a literary stream of basic significance to Spanish the US and Spain, happened on the flip of the 19th century, approximately from the Eighties to the Twenties. it really is greatly considered as the 1st Spanish-language literary move that originated within the New international and that turned influential within the "Mother Country," Spain. characterised by way of the appropriation of French Symbolist aesthetics into Spanish-language literature, modernismo's different major features have been its cultural cosmopolitanism, its philological quandary with language, literary background, and literary strategy, and its journalistic penchant for novelty and style. regardless of the attractiveness of modernista poetry, modernismo is now understood as a extensive circulation whose impression was once felt simply as strongly within the prose genres: the quick tale, the radical, the essay, and the journalistic cr??nica [chronicle]. Conceived as an advent to modernismo in addition to an account of the present state-of-the-art of modernismo reports, this ebook examines the movement's contribution to some of the Spanish American literary genres, its major authors [from Mart? and N??jera to Dar?o and Rod??], its social and ancient context, and its carrying on with relevance to the paintings of up to date Spanish American authors resembling Gabriel Garc?a M??rquez, Sergio Ram?rez, and Mario Vargas Llosa.
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Extra resources for A Companion to Spanish American Modernismo (Monografías A)
Gwynne Edwards (London: Tamesis Books, 1970). Calderón was, along with Shakespeare and Molière, one of Nájera’s idols. Besides his frequent allusions to La vida es sueño (Life is a Dream), one also finds in Nájera’s collected theatre crónicas allusions to other plays by the Spanish Baroque master, such as La devoción de la cruz and El médico de su honra. In his article “El centenario de Calderón” (1881), Nájera complains bitterly about the lack of any commemoration of the tricentennial of Calderón’s death in Mexico.
I will not mention here the thousand menial chores of journalism, the only ones to which young men of letters can aspire, because it would take me too long to enumerate them. Suffice it to say that some, such as those having to do with the gossip columns, are not only stupefying but also degrading. Julián del Casal, Prosas (Havana: Consejo Nacional de Cultura, 1963), I, p. 272. 26 ANÍBAL GONZÁLEZ According to Casal, journalism undermined the notion of the author’s self as a source of authority, and it furthermore turned the literary text from an object of aesthetic contemplation into merchandise.
See Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera, Obras, IV. Crónicas y artículos sobre teatro, II (1881–1882), ed. Yolanda Bache Cortés and Ana Elena Díaz Alejo (Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 1984), pp. 114–15. 32 ANÍBAL GONZÁLEZ of Pasionaria; Cuentos completos, pp. 115–23, 162–6, 195–9, 200–4). The following witticism from Nájera’s story “La odisea de Madame Théo” (Madame Théo’s Oddyssey, 1883) takes on ominous resonances after one has read “La hija del aire”: “It is a mistake to believe that little girls who die without being baptized go to Limbo: little girls are never innocent when they die” (p.