A Historical-Comparative Reconstruction of Nilo-Saharan by Christopher Ehret

By Christopher Ehret

Nilo-Saharan is without doubt one of the 4 significant language households at the African continent. It extends eastwards from the Niger to Western Ethiopia and extra southwards to Northern Tanzania. whereas the prestige of Nilo-Saharan as a phylum has been principally accredited on account that Greenberg (1963), the interior type has remained arguable. the current quantity is meant as a decisive contribution in the direction of the verification of the interior dating of the Nilo-Saharan languages. utilizing standard sound correspondences for verifying degrees of inner dating used to be all started within the Eighties, yet this paintings takes up the implications accomplished hitherto and keeps from this foundation. New assets are considered: except reconstructing consonants, vowels and tone, the examine additionally contains derivational and inflectional morphology in addition to pronouns. The publication involves major components. the 1st half (chapter 2-8) is devoted to the reconstruction of consonants, vowels and tone, to the subclassification of Nilo-Saharan, verbal and nominal derivation, inflection and the pronominal method. the second one half (chapter nine) is an etymological dictionary of 1,606 roots, complemented by way of annotations and reflexes of the roots within the specific languages. greater than 10,000 roots are brought up without delay. The research of the 1st half (chapter 2-8) is predicated at the information prepared in bankruptcy nine. crucial results of Ehret's paintings matters the connection of Songay within the Nilo-Saharan context. the writer argues convincingly that Songay will be considered as an imperative member of the Nilo-Saharan relations. Connections with Mande needs to be noticeable as borrowings from Songay into Mande. additionally, the confirmed ordinary sound correspondences and the reconstructed Proto-Nilo-Saharan vocabulary enable for drawing up phonological histories of every language and distinguishing among personal loan as opposed to long term inherited phrases.

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That ends my discussion of filter (FC,93). Myself, I would choose theory AI over theory AII. I am willing to agree that what I propose is very close to being a notational variant of what you propose. However, I think that filter (V,2) (revised to (V,5)) is likely to be a principle of UG. I turn now to filter (FC,85). Concerning Filter (FC,85) I repeat this filter below: *[GWH t . . ], except in the context: [NP NP ] Here, I would like to show that (FC,85) can be replaced by a more ‘‘natural’’ filter.

I wonder who to expect that Mary will give this book to. c. *I wonder to whom to expect that Mary will give this book. That’s it; comments welcome. As ever, Jean-Roger Notes 1. ’’ The published version of the paper (Linguistic Inquiry 8, 425–504 (1977)) unfortunately does not incorporate any of Vergnaud’s excellent suggestions because there was an accidental delay in sending the manuscript to him. His response was very prompt at that point, but by then, the paper had already gone to the printer.

2001. The Syntax of Silence: Sluicing, Islands, and the Theory of Ellipsis. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Partee, B. 1973. Some structural analogies between tenses and pronouns. Journal of Philosophy 70(18):601–609. Partee, B. 1984. Nominal and temporal anaphora. Linguistics and Philosophy 7:243–286. -Y. 1989. Verb movement, Universal Grammar, and the structure of IP. Linguistic Inquiry 20:365–424. Quicoli, A. C. 1996. Inflection and parametric variation: Portuguese and Spanish. In R. , Current Issues in Comparative Grammar, 46–80.

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