By Christopher Ehret
Nilo-Saharan is without doubt one of the 4 significant language households at the African continent. It extends eastwards from the Niger to Western Ethiopia and extra southwards to Northern Tanzania. whereas the prestige of Nilo-Saharan as a phylum has been principally accredited on account that Greenberg (1963), the interior type has remained arguable. the current quantity is meant as a decisive contribution in the direction of the verification of the interior dating of the Nilo-Saharan languages. utilizing standard sound correspondences for verifying degrees of inner dating used to be all started within the Eighties, yet this paintings takes up the implications accomplished hitherto and keeps from this foundation. New assets are considered: except reconstructing consonants, vowels and tone, the examine additionally contains derivational and inflectional morphology in addition to pronouns. The publication involves major components. the 1st half (chapter 2-8) is devoted to the reconstruction of consonants, vowels and tone, to the subclassification of Nilo-Saharan, verbal and nominal derivation, inflection and the pronominal method. the second one half (chapter nine) is an etymological dictionary of 1,606 roots, complemented by way of annotations and reflexes of the roots within the specific languages. greater than 10,000 roots are brought up without delay. The research of the 1st half (chapter 2-8) is predicated at the information prepared in bankruptcy nine. crucial results of Ehret's paintings matters the connection of Songay within the Nilo-Saharan context. the writer argues convincingly that Songay will be considered as an imperative member of the Nilo-Saharan relations. Connections with Mande needs to be noticeable as borrowings from Songay into Mande. additionally, the confirmed ordinary sound correspondences and the reconstructed Proto-Nilo-Saharan vocabulary enable for drawing up phonological histories of every language and distinguishing among personal loan as opposed to long term inherited phrases.
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Extra info for A Historical-Comparative Reconstruction of Nilo-Saharan
That ends my discussion of ﬁlter (FC,93). Myself, I would choose theory AI over theory AII. I am willing to agree that what I propose is very close to being a notational variant of what you propose. However, I think that ﬁlter (V,2) (revised to (V,5)) is likely to be a principle of UG. I turn now to ﬁlter (FC,85). Concerning Filter (FC,85) I repeat this ﬁlter below: *[GWH t . . ], except in the context: [NP NP ] Here, I would like to show that (FC,85) can be replaced by a more ‘‘natural’’ ﬁlter.
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