By Richard W. Spjut
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Extra info for A Systematic Treatment of Fruit Types
Practice. Making measurements is a skill that can be developed with practice, which can increase the degree of familiarity with the instruments or techniques being applied. Always perform pilot experiments or take preliminary measurements before applying a new technique. Avoid bias. Accuracy refers to how closely the measurements made represent reality. In order to be accurate, the methods used must be free from bias. This can be assessed by comparing the results obtained by different methods in different situations.
There is a real concern that despite all of the policy interest in sustainable forest management, little is actually changing on the ground. Whether or not policy implementation is being successful is a worthy area of research itself, yet this is something that has been neglected by researchers. Available information suggests that the effects of certiﬁcation and application of C&I have been limited to date (Rametsteiner and Simula 2003); many organizations that have certiﬁed forests are often those that were managing forests responsibly in any case (Leslie 2004).
Htm͘ is a particularly useful way of keeping up to date on developments in forest policy. Another effective way to stay in touch is to monitor the websites of the leading environmental NGOs active in forest conservation. Many of these engage closely in policy processes and have teams of staff dedicated to the task, who report regularly via their own organization’s websites. Since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in 1992, the issue of sustainable forest management has been at the centre of the international policy debate relating to forests, and underpins many national policy initiatives.