By Stanislaw Grundas and Andrzej Stepniewski
The assumption of this e-book used to be born a result of quick elevate of the curiosity in excellence of agricultural construction within the point of either – the standard of uncooked fabric for meals construction in addition to within the element of setting safeguard. Agrophysics is a box of technology that specializes in the standard of agriculture as an entire i.e. the interplay among human and surroundings, specifically the interplay among soil, plant, surroundings and computer. Physics with its legislation, ideas and ideas is an effective software for description of the interactions, in addition to of the result of those interactions. a few points of chemistry, biology and different fields of technological know-how also are taken into account. This interdisciplinary technique can lead to holistic description of approaches which may still result in development of the potency of acquiring the uncooked fabrics to make sure a enough volume of nutrients, secure for human overall healthiness. This ebook should be considered as the contribution to this description. The reader can locate a few easy besides, as extra specific facets of the modern agriculture, beginning with the soil features and remedy, plant development and agricultural items’ houses and processing.
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2, require acquisition of traditional samples. The process is usually dis‐ ruptive to the surroundings and may disturb the sample itself. The extraction, transport and processing of the sample may introduce errors, which may be reduced by increasing the number and volume of taken samples. Such measurement methods are usually laborious and time-consuming, which makes them unsuitable for monitoring applications. 3. Non-destructive measurements There is a number of measurement techniques which do not require extraction of samples and provide means for non-destructive or even non-invasive testing.
Thermocouple psychrometry According to equation (6), under equilibrium conditions the material’s water potential is equal to the potential of water vapor in the surrounding air, which is measured by a psy‐ chrometers. A special construction of a psychrometer, called a thermocouple or Peltier psy‐ chrometer, has been developed to be used for applications in soil and biomaterials for the measurement of the sum of matric and osmotic potentials. The construction of a typical ther‐ mocouple psychrometers sensor and its connection to a readout device as well as a sample measurement device output are presented in Figure 3a (Skierucha, 2005).
Weather prediction on the base of atmospheric parameters including barometric pressure, tempera‐ ture and air humidity will be more accurate after including soil parameters, like moisture in soil profiles and temperature distribution in the soil. , 2010). , 2011). Monitoring of soil temperature, which is one of the most important physical parameter apart from water content or water matrix potential, is not a technical problem. There are var‐ ious temperature sensors available including electronic ones that enable automatic measure‐ ment.