An Introduction to Biological Control by Robert van den Bosch, P. S. Messenger, A. P. Gutierrez

By Robert van den Bosch, P. S. Messenger, A. P. Gutierrez (auth.)

This quantity is a revision of organic regulate through R. van den Bosch and P. S. Messenger, initially released by means of Intext Publishers. within the revision, i've got tried to maintain the unique subject matter, and to replace it with present examine findings and new chapters or sections on insect pathology, microbial keep watch over of weeds and plant pathogens, inhabitants dynamics, built-in pest administration, and economics. The e-book was once written as an undergraduate textual content, and never as a whole overview of the topic sector. a variety of extra comprehen­ sive volumes were written to function handbooks for the specialists. This publication is designed to supply a concise evaluate of the advanced and worthwhile box of organic regulate and to teach the relationships to the constructing innovations of built-in pest administration. inhabitants law of pests by means of common enemies is the main topic of the publication, yet different organic equipment of pest keep watch over also are mentioned. The bankruptcy on inhabitants dynamics assumes a precalculus-level wisdom of arithmetic. writer names of species are indexed just once within the textual content, yet all are indexed within the Appendix. Any error or omissions during this quantity are my sole accountability. A. P. Gutierrez Professor of Entomology department of organic keep watch over college of California, Berkeley vii Acknowledgments Very targeted thank you needs to be given to my colleagues, Professors C. B. Huffaker and L. E. Caltagirone, for the very thorough evaluate they supplied and for the various confident feedback they gave. Dr.

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Theory and Practice of Biological Control. Academic Press: New York. pp. 685-693. McCook, H. 1882. Ants as beneficial insecticides. Proc. Acad. Nat. , Philadelphia. A. 1964. Beneficial Insects. Harper & Row: New York. 429 pp. Sweetman, H. L. 1936. The Biological Control of Insects. Comstock Publishing Associates: Ithaca, New York. 461 pp. Sweetman, L. A. 1958. The Principles of Biological Control. W. C. Brown: Dubuque. 560 pp. 4 Natural Enemies The term entomophagy is a combination of the Greek words entomon (insect) and phagein (to eat), and thus denotes the insect-eating habit.

However, there are antecedent historical events that trace the evolution of some of the fundamental concepts in the development of biological control, and several of these events show the remarkable and perceptive insight of man into the workings of nature. Without these prenineteenth-century discoveries and conceptualizations, modem environmental science, to which biological control has made substantial contributions, would very likely have been much delayed. These discoveries and concepts include, among others, those of the balance of nature; population growth and limitation; natural control of numbers; the symbioses among different species, particularly those of plants, animals, and their natural enemies; and the roles such natural enemies play in the determination of abundance.

St. Univ. C. Rept. #55. Hagen, K. S. and J. M. Franz. 1973. A history of biological control. In: R. F. Smith, T. E. Mittler, and C. N. ) History of Entomology. Annual Reviews: Palo Alto. pp. 433-477. Huffaker, C. , and P. S. ) 1976. Theory and Practice of Biological Control. Academic Press: New York. p. 788. Laing, J. , and J. Hamai. 1976. Biological control of insect pests and weeds by imported parasites, predators and pathogens. In: C. B. Huffaker and P. S. ) Theory and Practice of Biological Control.

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