Baltic Coastal Ecosystems: Structure, Function and Coastal by Gerald Schernewski, Ulrich Schiewer

By Gerald Schernewski, Ulrich Schiewer

Between November 20 and 23, 2000, the workshop "Baltic Coastal Ecosystems - constitution, functionality and Coastal region administration" came about in Rostock, Ger­ many. The workshop was once organised through the Institute of Aquatic Ecology of the collage of Rostock and the Baltic Sea examine Institute Warnemiinde on be­ 1/2 the Wissenschafts-Verbund Umwelt (WVU) on the collage of Rostock. It used to be the 3rd trans-disciplinary occasion that attempted to hyperlink ecological and socio­ reasonable facets with recognize to the Baltic Sea. the 1st symposium was once held in 1992, entitled "The way forward for the Baltic Sea - Ecology, Economics, Administra­ tion and Teaching", and the second one occasion happened in 1996, entitled "Sustainable improvement in Coastal areas - a comparability among North Atlantic Coast and Baltic Sea". The workshop "Baltic Coastal Ecosystems - constitution, functionality and Coastal quarter administration" attempted to supply an interdisciplinary discussion board for discussions, the trade of principles and the presentation of clinical effects with admire to the Bal­ tic coast.

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Extra resources for Baltic Coastal Ecosystems: Structure, Function and Coastal Zone Management

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Looking thoroughly at the data, only one of the investigations, Lindner (1972), covers the area in toto and in sufficient detail. Therefore, reconstruction by modelling and interpreting historical data sets is an insufficient attempt for the inner and outer coastal waters of the Gennan Baltic Sea. Another well-established method, used for deep-lake research, is the use of diaspores conserved in the sediments as biological indicators for the vegetation of the past. Estuarine systems of the southern Baltic are generally shallow, the windinduced mixing of the entire water column already begins at 2-3 mls wind speed (Sagert and Schubert 1999), and the re-suspension of sediments can be observed from 5 mls onwards (Schlungbaum et al.

They grow and divide, thus forming complex associations of micro-organisms termed biofilms. Through the formation of biofilms, micro-organisms create micro-environments, which protect them against sudden changes in environmental conditions (Koster and Meyer-ReiI2001a). Micro-organisms colonise sediments in high numbers (about 1010 cells g-l of dry weight sediment) and biomass (about 100 ~g C g-l). Besides their high numbers and biomass, micro-organisms possess high metabolic activity rates which allow them to metabolise dissolved inorganic and organic substrates with high substrate affinity and specificity.

The duration of ice cover) have not been taken into account. A project targeting this complex of questions has recently been started by our group. Nevertheless, a very good survey about the influence of salinity on the occurrence of macrophyte species for our investigation area was given by Lindner (1972). This survey was done in a very restricted area, reducing the effect of substrate quality and climatic differences to a negligible minimum. The main results, with respect to individual species, are presented in Fig.

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