Barth and Schleiermacher on the Doctrine of Election: A by Matthias Gockel

By Matthias Gockel

The 1st precise comparability among the theologies of Friedrich Schleiermacher and the early dialectical theology of Karl Barth. Matthias Gockel exhibits that the doctrine of election in Barth's early theology bears a awesome resemblance to the placement of Schleiermacher. He demanding situations the normal knowledge that those positions - or `liberal theology' and `dialectical theology' - stand in irreconcilable competition. Barth articulates a clean review of the doctrine not just in Church Dogmatics II/2, yet within the moment variation of his Epistle to the Romans and in his first sequence of lectures on Systematic Theology, the so-called G?ttingen Dogmatics. therefore, a resemblance among Schleiermacher and Barth is already discernible in Barth's early theology - at a time while he was once writing his so much virulent criticisms of Schleiermacher.

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The latter assumption rather leads to a problematic distinction between Wnal causes and eYcient causes. 56 The Wnal issue considered in the essay is the question whether eternal damnation awaits those who were not receptive to God’s Word or who died before it reached them. Schleiermacher Wnds this idea diYcult to combine with human nature, the general 54 Ibid. 12. Although Martensen is correct to observe that for Schleiermacher human beings outside of Christ have not reached their ‘true personality’, he is wrong to claim that for Schleiermacher salvation occurs ‘exclusively as a type of natural development’.

See Martin Weeber, Schleiermachers Eschatologie. Eine Untersuchung zum theologischen Spa¨twerk (Gu¨tersloh: Chr. Kaiser/Gu¨tersloher Verlagshaus, 2000), 18–19 n. 12. 2 Richard R. Niebuhr, Schleiermacher on Christ and Religion—A New Introduction (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1964), 248. 38 A Universal Predestination Christian church (the people who believe in Christ) in distinction from the world (the people who do not yet believe in Christ). 3 1 . T H E O LOG Y, TH E CH U RC H , A N D C H R I S TI A N IT Y In the Wrst chapter of the introduction, Schleiermacher deWnes dogmatics as a discipline that belongs to the positive science of theology4 and functions exclusively in relation to the Christian church.

Systematically, Schleiermacher combines a philosophical concept of piety with a redemptioncentred christological concept of Christian piety, in order to lay the ground for the dogmatic exposition that follows in the remainder of the book. 2. THE FUNDAMENTAL DIFFERENCE BETWEEN G O D A N D T H E WO R L D Schleiermacher provides a detailed explanation of the way in which redemption is achieved through Jesus of Nazareth (and mediated in the Christian church) in the second part of The Christian Faith, where he discusses the Christian pious self-consciousness under the antithesis of sin and grace.

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