Biomacromolecules: Introduction to Structure, Function and by C. Stan Tsai(auth.)

By C. Stan Tsai(auth.)

This e-book presents an built-in remedy of the constitution and serve as of nucleic acids, proteins, and glycans, together with thorough insurance of appropriate computational biochemistry.

The textual content starts with an creation to the biomacromolecules, by way of dialogue of tools of isolation and purification, physiochemical and biochemical houses, and structural features. the subsequent component to the publication offers with series research, research of conformation utilizing spectroscopy, chemical synthesis, and computational ways. the next chapters speak about biomolecular interactions, enzyme motion, gene transmission, sign transduction, and biomacromolecular informatics. the writer concludes with featuring the newest findings in genomics, proteomics, glycomics, and biomacromolecular evolution.

this article is a useful source for examine pros wishing to maneuver into genomics, proteomics, and glycomics learn. it's also priceless for college kids in biochemistry, molecular biology, bioengineering, biotechnology, and bioinformatics.Content:
Chapter 1 advent (pages 1–14):
Chapter 2 Monomer components of Biomacromolecules (pages 15–30):
Chapter three Purification and Characterization (pages 31–54):
Chapter four Biomacromolecular constitution: Nucleic Acids (pages 55–93):
Chapter five Biomacromolecular constitution: Proteins (pages 94–146):
Chapter 6 Biomacromolecular constitution: Polysaccharides (pages 147–182):
Chapter 7 stories of Biomacromolecular constructions: Spectroscopic research of Conformation (pages 183–219):
Chapter eight reviews of Biomacromolecular constructions: Chemical Synthesis (pages 220–248):
Chapter nine reports of Biomacromolecular buildings: Computation and Modeling (pages 249–288):
Chapter 10 Biomacromolecular interplay (pages 289–321):
Chapter eleven Biomacromolecular Catalysis (pages 322–397):
Chapter 12 sign Transduction and Biodegradation (pages 398–435):
Chapter thirteen Biosynthesis and Genetic Transmission (pages 436–514):
Chapter 14 Biomacromolecular Informatics (pages 515–557):
Chapter 15 Genomics (pages 558–593):
Chapter sixteen Proteomics (pages 594–654):
Chapter 17 Glycomics (pages 655–679):
Chapter 18 Biomacromolecular Evolution (pages 680–709):

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Extra resources for Biomacromolecules: Introduction to Structure, Function and Informatics

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Isomers of glycoses that differ only in their configuration about this carbon atom (anomeric carbon) are called anomers, designated as α- or β-anomer. 3). 7°. 6% of the β anomer. Not all monosaccharides are found in oligo- and polysaccharides since most glycans contain one or two and rarely more than six types of glycoses. 4. For six-member pyranose rings, six conformations, P (planar), E (envelope), B (boat), S (skew, twisted, twist boat), H (half chair) and C (chair) are possible. The chair conformation C is by far the most stable of the six conformations.

Chiral carbon atoms are the most common source of molecular asymmetry and are found in many optically active biological compounds. If there are n asymmetric carbon atoms, then 2n isomers (stereoisomers) are possible; of these, 2n/2 are pairs of enantiomers (mirror images). Stereoisomers, which are not mirror images, belong diastereomers (diastereoisomers). In contrast to enantiomers, the atoms and groups in diastereomers do not have the same relative spatial orientation. Epimers are diasteromers that differ in configuration at only one chiral site of a molecule with multiple chiral centers.

Positional isomers and structural isomers), which differ in the manner in which atoms are connected or bonded together, are also called constitutional isomers. 4 ISOMERISM: CONFIGURATION VERSUS CONFORMATION 9 Another type of isomerism is geometric isomerism. While C—C bonds rotate freely, the rotation of C==C bonds requires a larger amount of energy, therefore such a rotation seldom happens at room temperature. This inability of a double bond to rotate is known as hindered rotation, resulting in the formation of the cis (Z) isomer and the trans (E) isomer.

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